(A Canadian Territory)
Nunavut is a massive, sparsely populated Territory of Northern Canada...forming most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Its islands have expanses of tundra, craggy mountains and remote villages with accessibility by plane or boat. It's known for its indigenous Inuit people's artwork, carvings and hand-made clothing. Indian art is displayed at the Nunavut Sunakkutaangit Museum in Iqaluit. Nunavut Arctic College and Akitsiraq Law School offer students extended education.
This large Territory has one-fifth of the land in Canada.
Nunavut is a mainland & many islands in the Arctic Ocean.
Baffin Island and Ellesmere Islands are 2 large islands.
The Northwest Territories is west of Nunavut.
The capital city compises about 26 settlements is Iqaluit.
MOTTO: Our Strength
BIRD: the Ptarmigan
FLOWER: the Purple Saxifrage
LANGUAGES: English, French and Inuktitut
NUNAVUT means “our land” in the Inuit language.
RELIGION: The largest denominations by the number of adherents according to the 2001 census are the Anglican Church of Canada, the Roman Catholic Diocese and Pentecostal. 92% were Christian.
The People: Nunavut, the newest, largest, northernmost and least populous Territory of Canada (home to about 25,000) became Canada's third Territory on April 1, 1999.
Its capital city Iqualuit is located on the southern tip of Baffin Island.
The Inuit are the aboriginal people who make up 85% of the population.
The towns are very small and far away from each other.
Airplanes bring supplies if towns cannot be reached by road.
On Baffin Island the Inuit still hunt and fish for survival.
Winter activities are dog-sledding, snowmobiling andice-fishing.
History: The first people to live in Nunavut were the Inuit...living in small hunting and fishing camps.
Fur trading posts were wet up inthe 1700's.
In 1870 the territories belonged to Canada.
Inuit way of life changed...with many native traditions forgotten.
The Canadian government urged the Inuit to settle in communities.
The Inuit requested their own territory.
Land and Water are frozen most of the year...Arctic Ocean.ice floes break off from glaciers
The land is covered with sheets of ice, water pools and rivers.
Moss, tough grasses and small willow shrubs grow on the tundra.
Soil is frozen...thus fruits and vegetables are flown in.
Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve is Canada's most northern park.
It is a polar desert with very little snowfall.
Industry: Tourism...people come to fish, hike, camp, hunt, to observe the wildlife.
Mining...copper, lead, silver, zinc, iron, gold and diamonds, oil and gas.
Fishing...whitefish and Arctic char.
Factories...packaging the raw fish and meat.
Sale of Inuit arts and crafts including soapstone sculptures.
Wildlife: The Inuit believe in taking care of their wildlife which are many...muskoxen, caribou, polar bears, arctic foxes, whales and seals
In addition to fishing, they eat the meat of muskoxen, caribou, whales and seals.
Clothing is made from the furs of the muskoxen, polar bears, arctic foxes and seals.
Media: The Inuit Broadcasting Company is based in Nunavut. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) serves Nunavut through a radio and television production centre in Iqaluit and a bureau in Rankin Inlet. The Territory is also served by 2 regional newspapers.
Archaelogical Findings: In September, 2008, researchers reported on the evaluation of existing and newly excavated remains...including yarn spun from hare, rats, tally sticks, a carved wooden face mask that depicts Canadian features...and possibly architectural material...providing evidence of European traders....and possibly settlers on Baffin Island...even prior to the Vikings' arrival in Greenland. It is believed the indigenous peoples of 4,000 years may have had occasional contact with Norse sailors.
People and Places: Michael Kusugak writes about the Inuit way of life.
Susan Aglukark is a singer-songwriter and the first Inuit recording artist.
The Kronos Quartet premiered a collaborative piece with Inuit throat-singer Tanya Tagag.
Jordin John Kudluk Tootoo (although born in Churchill, Manitoba) grew up in Rankin Inlet, Nunivut and is a hockey player with the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League.
In April, the people of Iqualuit celebrate the coming of Spring. They have dogteam and snomobile races and contests (fishing, hunting, igloo-building, harpoon-throwing).
Inuksuit stone towers were used as markers (made by the Inuit long ago) to show the way to travellers.
Facts of Interest
Iqaluit, the capital city located on Baffin Island, was formerly known as Frobisher Bay.
Nunavut's highest point is Barbeau Peak (2,616 m...9,583 feet)...on Ellesmere Island.
A weather station on Ellesmere Island, Eureka,
has the lowest average temperture of any Canadian weather station.
Licence Plates, originally created for the Northwest Territories in the 1970's,
the plate has long been famous for its unique design of a polar bear!
.Nunavut is also home to to the world's northernmost permanently inhabited place...ALERT!
Nunavut is Canada's only geo-political region that isn't connected
to the rest of North America by highway!
Facts compiled by Merle Baird-Kerr...September 4, 2016.